Journal cover Journal topic
Ocean Science An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Ocean Sci., 10, 993-1011, 2014
http://www.ocean-sci.net/10/993/2014/
doi:10.5194/os-10-993-2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
11 Dec 2014
Sensitivity of phytoplankton distributions to vertical mixing along a North Atlantic transect
L. Hahn-Woernle1, H. A. Dijkstra1, and H. J. Van der Woerd2 1Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research Utrecht (IMAU), Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80.005, 3508 TA Utrecht, the Netherlands
2Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), Free University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Abstract. Using in situ data of upper ocean vertical mixing along a transect in the North Atlantic and a one-dimensional phytoplankton growth model, we study the sensitivity of the surface phytoplankton concentration to vertical mixing distributions. The study is divided into two parts. In the first part, the model is calibrated to the observations. The optical model parameters are determined from measurements of the light attenuation. The biological parameters are calibrated to three different reference stations with observed vertical profiles of the chlorophyll a (Chl a) concentration and the nutrient concentration. In the second part, the sensitivity of the three model calibrations to the vertical mixing is studied. Therefore measured vertical mixing profiles are applied to the model. These mixing profiles are based on the measurements along the transect and are treated as a set of possible mixing situations of the North Atlantic. Results show that shifts in vertical mixing are able to induce a transition from an upper chlorophyll maximum to a deep one and vice versa. Furthermore, a clear correlation between the surface phytoplankton concentration and the mixing induced nutrient flux is found for nutrient-limited cases. This may open up the possibility to extract characteristics of vertical mixing from satellite ocean colour data using data-assimilation methods.

Citation: Hahn-Woernle, L., Dijkstra, H. A., and Van der Woerd, H. J.: Sensitivity of phytoplankton distributions to vertical mixing along a North Atlantic transect, Ocean Sci., 10, 993-1011, doi:10.5194/os-10-993-2014, 2014.
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Short summary
Measured vertical mixing profiles are applied to a 1-D phytoplankton model. Results show that shifts in vertical mixing are able to induce a transition from an upper chlorophyll maximum to a deep one and vice versa. Furthermore, a clear correlation between the surface phytoplankton concentration and mixing-induced nutrient flux is found for nutrient-limited cases. This result suggests that characteristics of the vertical mixing could be determined from the surface phytoplankton concentration.
Measured vertical mixing profiles are applied to a 1-D phytoplankton model. Results show that...
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