1Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine
Research, Centre for Scientific Diving at the Biological
Station Helgoland, Kurpromenade 211, 27498 Helgoland, Germany
2loth-engineering GmbH, Lochmühle 1, 65527 Niedernhausen,
3-4H-JENA engineering GmbH, Mühlenstr. 126, 07745 Jena,
4Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Institut für Material-
und Küstenforschung, Max-Planck-Straße 1, 21502
Received: 02 Jul 2016 – Discussion started: 12 Jul 2016
Abstract. A combined year-round assessment of selected oceanographic data and a macrobiotic community assessment was performed from October 2013 to November 2014 in the littoral zone of the Kongsfjorden polar fjord system on the western coast of Svalbard (Norway). State of the art remote controlled cabled underwater observatory technology was used for daily vertical profiles of temperature, salinity, and turbidity together with a stereo-optical assessment of the macrobiotic community, including fish. The results reveal a distinct seasonal cycle in total species abundances, with a significantly higher total abundance and species richness during the polar winter when no light is available underwater compared to the summer months when 24 h light is available. During the winter months, a temporally highly segmented community was observed with respect to species occurrence, with single species dominating the winter community for restricted times. In contrast, the summer community showed an overall lower total abundance as well as a significantly lower number of species. The study clearly demonstrates the high potential of cable connected remote controlled digital sampling devices, especially in remote areas, such as polar fjord systems, with harsh environmental conditions and limited accessibility. A smart combination of such new digital
Revised: 10 Jan 2017 – Accepted: 10 Feb 2017 – Published: 04 Apr 2017
sampling methods with classic sampling procedures can provide a possibility to significantly extend the sampling time and frequency, especially in remote and difficult to access areas. This can help to provide a sufficient data density and therefore statistical power for a sound scientific analysis without increasing the invasive sampling pressure in ecologically sensitive environments.
Fischer, P., Schwanitz, M., Loth, R., Posner, U., Brand, M., and Schröder, F.: First year of practical experiences of the new Arctic AWIPEV-COSYNA cabled Underwater Observatory in Kongsfjorden, Spitsbergen, Ocean Sci., 13, 259-272, doi:10.5194/os-13-259-2017, 2017.