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Ocean Science An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

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Ocean Sci., 13, 379-410, 2017
http://www.ocean-sci.net/13/379/2017/
doi:10.5194/os-13-379-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
10 May 2017
The Coastal Observing System for Northern and Arctic Seas (COSYNA)
Burkard Baschek1, Friedhelm Schroeder1, Holger Brix1, Rolf Riethmüller1, Thomas H. Badewien2, Gisbert Breitbach1, Bernd Brügge3, Franciscus Colijn1, Roland Doerffer1, Christiane Eschenbach1, Jana Friedrich1, Philipp Fischer4, Stefan Garthe5, Jochen Horstmann1, Hajo Krasemann1, Katja Metfies4, Lucas Merckelbach1, Nino Ohle6, Wilhelm Petersen1, Daniel Pröfrock1, Rüdiger Röttgers1, Michael Schlüter4, Jan Schulz2, Johannes Schulz-Stellenfleth1, Emil Stanev1, Joanna Staneva1, Christian Winter7, Kai Wirtz1, Jochen Wollschläger1, Oliver Zielinski2, and Friedwart Ziemer1 1Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Geesthacht, Germany
2Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment, University of Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany
3Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency, Hamburg, Germany
4Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research, Center for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
5Research and Technology Centre (FTZ), University of Kiel, Büsum, Germany
6Hamburg Port Authority, Hamburg, Germany
7MARUM, Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, Bremen University, Bremen, Germany
Abstract. The Coastal Observing System for Northern and Arctic Seas (COSYNA) was established in order to better understand the complex interdisciplinary processes of northern seas and the Arctic coasts in a changing environment. Particular focus is given to the German Bight in the North Sea as a prime example of a heavily used coastal area, and Svalbard as an example of an Arctic coast that is under strong pressure due to global change.

The COSYNA automated observing and modelling system is designed to monitor real-time conditions and provide short-term forecasts, data, and data products to help assess the impact of anthropogenically induced change. Observations are carried out by combining satellite and radar remote sensing with various in situ platforms. Novel sensors, instruments, and algorithms are developed to further improve the understanding of the interdisciplinary interactions between physics, biogeochemistry, and the ecology of coastal seas. New modelling and data assimilation techniques are used to integrate observations and models in a quasi-operational system providing descriptions and forecasts of key hydrographic variables. Data and data products are publicly available free of charge and in real time. They are used by multiple interest groups in science, agencies, politics, industry, and the public.


Citation: Baschek, B., Schroeder, F., Brix, H., Riethmüller, R., Badewien, T. H., Breitbach, G., Brügge, B., Colijn, F., Doerffer, R., Eschenbach, C., Friedrich, J., Fischer, P., Garthe, S., Horstmann, J., Krasemann, H., Metfies, K., Merckelbach, L., Ohle, N., Petersen, W., Pröfrock, D., Röttgers, R., Schlüter, M., Schulz, J., Schulz-Stellenfleth, J., Stanev, E., Staneva, J., Winter, C., Wirtz, K., Wollschläger, J., Zielinski, O., and Ziemer, F.: The Coastal Observing System for Northern and Arctic Seas (COSYNA), Ocean Sci., 13, 379-410, doi:10.5194/os-13-379-2017, 2017.
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Short summary
The Coastal Observing System for Northern and Arctic Seas (COSYNA) was established in order to better understand the complex interdisciplinary processes of northern seas and the Arctic coasts in a changing environment. Particular focus is given to the heavily used German Bight in the North Sea. The automated observing and modelling system is designed to monitor real-time conditions, to provide short-term forecasts and data products, and to assess the impact of anthropogenically induced change.
The Coastal Observing System for Northern and Arctic Seas (COSYNA) was established in order to...
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