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Volume 12, issue 2 | Copyright

Special issue: Operational oceanography in Europe 2014 in support of blue...

Ocean Sci., 12, 345-353, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-12-345-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 04 Mar 2016

Research article | 04 Mar 2016

IEOOS: the Spanish Institute of Oceanography Observing System

Elena Tel1, Rosa Balbin2, Jose-Manuel Cabanas3, Maria-Jesus Garcia1, M. Carmen Garcia-Martinez4, Cesar Gonzalez-Pola5, Alicia Lavin6, Jose-Luis Lopez-Jurado2, Carmen Rodriguez6, Manuel Ruiz-Villarreal7, Ricardo F. Sánchez-Leal8, Manuel Vargas-Yáñez4, and Pedro Vélez-Belchí9 Elena Tel et al.
  • 1Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Servicios Centrales, Madrid, Spain
  • 2Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Baleares, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
  • 3Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Vigo, Vigo, Spain
  • 4Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Fuengirola, Fuengirola, Spain
  • 5Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Gijón, Gijón, Spain
  • 6Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Santander, Santander, Spain
  • 7Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain
  • 8Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Cádiz, Cádiz Spain
  • 9Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Canarias, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain

Abstract. Since its foundation, 100 years ago, the Spanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO) has been observing and measuring the ocean characteristics. Here is a summary of the initiatives of the IEO in the field of the operational oceanography. Some systems like the tide gauges network has been working for more than 70 years. The standard sections began at different moments depending on the local projects, and nowadays there are more than 180 coastal stations and deep-sea ones that are systematically sampled, obtaining physical and biochemical measurements. At this moment, the Observing System includes six permanent moorings equipped with current meters, an open-sea ocean-meteorological buoy offshore Santander and a sea-surface temperature satellite image station. It also supports the Spanish contribution to the Argo international programme with 47 deployed profilers, and continuous monitoring thermosalinometers, meteorological stations and vessel-mounted acoustic Doppler current profilers on the research vessel fleet. The system is completed with the contribution to the Northwest Iberian peninsula and Gibraltar observatories, and the development of regional prediction models. All these systematic measurements allow the IEO to give responses to ocean research activities, official agencies requirements and industrial and main society demands such as navigation, resource management, risks management, recreation, as well as for management development pollution-related economic activities or marine ecosystems. All these networks are linked to international initiatives, framed largely in supranational programmes of Earth observation sponsored by the United Nations or the European Union. The synchronic observation system permits a spatio-temporal description of some events, such as new deep water formation in the Mediterranean Sea and the injection of heat to intermediate waters in the Bay of Biscay after some colder northern storms in winter 2005.

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The Spanish Institute of Oceanography supports different operational programmes in order to observe and measure ocean characteristics. Their combination allows responses to ocean research activities and marine ecosystem management, as well as official agency requirements and industrial and main society demands. All these networks are linked to international initiatives, framed largely in supranational Earth observation sponsored by the United Nations and the European Union.
The Spanish Institute of Oceanography supports different operational programmes in order to...
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