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Volume 12, issue 4 | Copyright

Special issue: Operational oceanography in Europe 2014 in support of blue...

Ocean Sci., 12, 953-976, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-12-953-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 26 Jul 2016

Research article | 26 Jul 2016

Developing European operational oceanography for Blue Growth, climate change adaptation and mitigation, and ecosystem-based management

Jun She1, Icarus Allen2, Erik Buch3, Alessandro Crise4, Johnny A. Johannessen5, Pierre-Yves Le Traon6, Urmas Lips7, Glenn Nolan4, Nadia Pinardi8, Jan H. Reißmann9, John Siddorn10, Emil Stanev11, and Henning Wehde12 Jun She et al.
  • 1Department of Research, Danish Meteorological Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • 2Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, UK
  • 3EuroGOOS AISBL, Brussels, Belgium
  • 4Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale, Trieste, Italy
  • 5Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, Bergen, Norway
  • 6Mercator Ocean and Ifremer, Ramonville St. Agne, France
  • 7Marine Systems Institute, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia
  • 8Department of Physics and Astronomy, Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, Italy
  • 9Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie, Hamburg, Germany
  • 10Met Office, Exeter, UK
  • 11Department of Data Analysis and Data Assimilation, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Hamburg, Germany
  • 12Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway

Abstract. Operational approaches have been more and more widely developed and used for providing marine data and information services for different socio-economic sectors of the Blue Growth and to advance knowledge about the marine environment. The objective of operational oceanographic research is to develop and improve the efficiency, timeliness, robustness and product quality of this approach. This white paper aims to address key scientific challenges and research priorities for the development of operational oceanography in Europe for the next 5–10 years. Knowledge gaps and deficiencies are identified in relation to common scientific challenges in four EuroGOOS knowledge areas: European Ocean Observations, Modelling and Forecasting Technology, Coastal Operational Oceanography and Operational Ecology. The areas “European Ocean Observations” and “Modelling and Forecasting Technology” focus on the further advancement of the basic instruments and capacities for European operational oceanography, while “Coastal Operational Oceanography” and “Operational Ecology” aim at developing new operational approaches for the corresponding knowledge areas.

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This white paper addresses key scientific challenges and research priorities for the development of operational oceanography in Europe for the next 5–10 years. Knowledge gaps and deficiencies are identified in relation to common scientific challenges in four EuroGOOS knowledge areas: European ocean observations, modelling and forecasting technology, coastal operational oceanography, and operational ecology.
This white paper addresses key scientific challenges and research priorities for the development...
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