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Volume 13, issue 4
Ocean Sci., 13, 609–622, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-13-609-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ocean Sci., 13, 609–622, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-13-609-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 26 Jul 2017

Research article | 26 Jul 2017

North Atlantic deep water formation and AMOC in CMIP5 models

Céline Heuzé
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Cited articles  
Aagaard, K. and Carmack, E. C.: The role of sea ice and other fresh water in the Arctic circulation, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 94, 14485–14498, https://doi.org/10.1029/JC094iC10p14485, 1989.
Böning, C. W., Scheinert, M., Dengg, J., Biastoch, A., and Funk, A.: Decadal variability of subpolar gyre transport and its reverberation in the North Atlantic overturning, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L21S01, https://doi.org/10.1029/2006GL026906, 2006.
Carman, J. C. and McClean, J. L.: Investigation of IPCC AR4 coupled climate model North Atlantic mode water formation, Ocean Model., 40, 14–34, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2011.07.001, 2011.
Cheng, W., Chiang, J. C. H., and Zhang, D.: Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) in CMIP5 Models: RCP and historical simulations, J. Climate, 26, 7187–7197, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00496.1, 2013.
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Climate models are the best tool available to estimate the ocean’s response to climate change, notably sea level rise. To trust the models, we need to compare them to the real ocean in key areas. Here we do so in the North Atlantic, where deep waters form, and show that inaccurate location, extent and frequency of the formation impact the representation of the global ocean circulation and how much heat enters the Arctic. We also study the causes of the errors in order to improve future models.
Climate models are the best tool available to estimate the ocean’s response to climate change,...
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