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OS | Articles | Volume 15, issue 2
Ocean Sci., 15, 379–399, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-15-379-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Ocean Sci., 15, 379–399, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-15-379-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 12 Apr 2019

Research article | 12 Apr 2019

Arctic Mediterranean exchanges: a consistent volume budget and trends in transports from two decades of observations

Svein Østerhus et al.
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Aagaard, K. and Carmack, E. C.: The role of sea ice and other fresh water in the Arctic circulation, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 14485–14498, https://doi.org/10.1029/JC094iC10p14485, 1989. 
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Andersen, O. B. and Piccioni, G.: Recent Arctic Sea Level Variations from Satellites, Front. Mar. Sci., 3, 1–6, https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2016.00076, 2016. 
Årthun, M., Eldevik, T., Smedsrud, L. H., Skagseth, Ø., and Ingvaldsen, R. B.: Quantifying the Influence of Atlantic Heat on Barents Sea Ice Variability and Retreat, J. Climate, 25, 4736–4743, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00466.1, 2012. 
Årthun, M., Eldevik, T., Viste, E., Drange, H., Furevik, T., Johnson, H. L., and Keenlyside, N. S.: Skillful prediction of northern climate provided by the ocean, Nat. Commun., 8, 15875, https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms15875, 2017. 
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Two decades of observations of the Arctic Mediterranean (AM) exchanges show that the exchanges have been stable in terms of volume transport during a period when many other components of the global climate system have changed. The total AM import is found to be 9.1 Sv and has a seasonal variation in amplitude close to 1 Sv, and maximum import in October. Roughly one-third of the imported water leaves the AM as surface outflow.
Two decades of observations of the Arctic Mediterranean (AM) exchanges show that the exchanges...
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