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OS | Articles | Volume 15, issue 3
Ocean Sci., 15, 651–668, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-15-651-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Ocean Sci., 15, 651–668, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-15-651-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 05 Jun 2019

Research article | 05 Jun 2019

The long-term variability of extreme sea levels in the German Bight

Andreas Lang and Uwe Mikolajewicz
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Araújo, I. B. and Pugh, D. T.: Sea levels at Newlyn 1915–2005: analysis of trends for future flooding risks, J. Coast. Res., 24, 203–212, 2008. a
Arns, A., Wahl, T., Haigh, I., Jensen, J., and Pattiaratchi, C.: Estimating extreme water level probabilities: A comparison of the direct methods and recommendations for best practise, Coast. Engin., 81, 51–66, 2013. a
Barriopedro, D., García-Herrera, R., Lionello, P., and Pino, C.: A discussion of the links between solar variability and high-storm-surge events in Venice, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 115, D13101, https://doi.org/10.1029/2009JD013114, 2010. a, b
Calafat, F., Chambers, D., and Tsimplis, M.: Mechanisms of decadal sea level variability in the eastern North Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea, J. Geophys. Res.-Ocean., 117, C09022, https://doi.org/10.1029/2012JC008285, 2012. a, b
Chafik, L., Nilsen, J. E. Ø., and Dangendorf, S.: Impact of North Atlantic teleconnection patterns on Northern European sea level, J. Mar. Sci. Eng., 5, 43, 32 pp., 2017. a, b, c
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Here we investigate the occurrence of extreme storm surges in the southern German Bight and their associated large-scale forcing mechanisms using climate model simulations covering the last 1000 years. We find that extreme storm surges are characterized by a large internal variability that masks potential links to external climate forcing or background sea level fluctuations; existing estimates of extreme sea levels based on short data records thus fail to account for their full variability.
Here we investigate the occurrence of extreme storm surges in the southern German Bight and...
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