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Volume 5, issue 2
Ocean Sci., 5, 155–172, 2009
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-5-155-2009
© Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ocean Sci., 5, 155–172, 2009
https://doi.org/10.5194/os-5-155-2009
© Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  28 May 2009

28 May 2009

A new method for forming approximately neutral surfaces

A. Klocker1,2,3, T. J. McDougall4, and D. R. Jackett4 A. Klocker et al.
  • 1CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Castray Esplanade, TAS 7000, Australia
  • 2Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems Cooperative Research Center, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 80,
    TAS 7001, Australia
  • 3Institute of Antarctic and Southern Ocean Studies, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 77, TAS 7001, Australia
  • 4Centre for Australian Climate and Weather Research, Castray Esplanade, TAS 7000, Australia

Abstract. We introduce a simple algorithm to improve existing density surfaces to ensure that the resulting surfaces are as close to neutral as possible. This means the slopes at any point on the surfaces are close to neutral tangent planes – the directions along which layered stirring and mixing occurs – minimizing the fictitious diapycnal diffusivity. Inverse techniques and layered models have been used for decades to understand ocean circulation. The most-used density surfaces are potential density or neutral density surfaces. Both these density surfaces and all others produce a fictitious diapycnal diffusivity to some degree due to the helical nature of neutral trajectories – with the magnitude of this artificial diffusivity in some cases being larger than the values measured in the ocean. Here we show how this error can be reduced by up to four orders of magnitude and therefore becomes insignificant compared to measured values, thus providing surfaces which would produce more accurate results when used for inverse techniques.

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